The C++Course provides a general introduction to programming in C++. It is based on A.B. Downey's book, How to Think Like a Computer Scientist. Click here for details.

Shuffling and Dealing

In Section 13.6 I wrote pseudocode for a shuffling algorithm. Assuming that we have a function called shuffleDeck that takes a deck as an argument and shuffles it, we can create and shuffle a deck:

  Deck deck;               // create a standard 52-card deck
  deck.shuffle ();         // shuffle it

Then, to deal out several hands, we can use subdeck:

  Deck hand1 = deck.subdeck (0, 4);
  Deck hand2 = deck.subdeck (5, 9);
  Deck pack = deck.subdeck (10, 51);

This code puts the first 5 cards in one hand, the next 5 cards in the other, and the rest into the pack.

When you thought about dealing, did you think we should give out one card at a time to each player in the round-robin style that is common in real card games? I thought about it, but then realized that it is unnecessary for a computer program. The round-robin convention is intended to mitigate imperfect shuffling and make it more difficult for the dealer to cheat. Neither of these is an issue for a computer.

This example is a useful reminder of one of the dangers of engineering metaphors: sometimes we impose restrictions on computers that are unnecessary, or expect capabilities that are lacking, because we unthinkingly extend a metaphor past its breaking point. Beware of misleading analogies.

Last Update: 2005-12-05