Linux Know-How provides a collection of introductory texts on often needed Linux skills.


The Linux Newbie Administrator Guide (LNAG) is hosted FREE OF CHARGE on the SunSite server at Aalborg University, Denmark ( ). Thanks to Esben Haabendal Soerensen <>.

Thanks to "" ( for hosting our free, timely updated Australian mirror at (  Thanks to Kenan Bektas, VP Engineering for hosting our free, timely updated North American mirror: (  Thanks to Andamooka for hosting LNAG among their great free books. We have to figure how to update it.

Major help and advice was received from (alphabetical order): Alan W. Irwin <>, Benjamin Smith <>, Barbara Klimas, Ben McCosh,  Bill Staehle <>, Bill Unruh <>, Brian Kelsay <>, Ding-Hou Lee <>, Gary <>, Greg Mizell <>, Jaakko Alarto <>, Jeff Greenlee <>, jeff covey <>, Jo <>, Juhapekka Tolvanen <>, Ken Foskey <>. Special thanks to the Portland Linux User Group for review!

Thanks to the several dozen others who sent comments, minor corrections, good suggestions, or good word to us.  We always appreciate any feedback. We received no flames so far :-) . Sorry if we could not answer specific questions you sent us on your particularly annoying problem :((  Sorry we are unable to provide free support for individual users. Sorry we do not provide any support to MS Windows users.

Thanks to the few thousands who developed GNU/Linux. Should I mention Richard Stalman and Linus Torvalds by name?

Other Matters

You can see that this guide was written by newbies for newbies. It should never be considered an authoritative source on any topic--there are much more exhaustive docs, typically more difficult to read too :-),  most of them available right on your Linux system in the directory /usr/doc .  Please e-mail us immediately if you spot a mistake that can confuse or mislead a new Linux user--this work is in progress and the current version may contain such mistakes. Don't use this guide if your life or well-being was to depend on it!

If you wanted to contribute a part (on a useful Linux topic of your choice), we would like to hear from you--we will be happy to include a part with your name, etc. The only condition is that your advice be easy to follow by newbies like us.

If you create your own mirror, pls make sure to update it at least from time to time. LNAG is under development and inaccuracies are found and corrected on regular basis. Our licence requires updates (if available on else please remove your outdated mirror.

Hope this helps.  Best regards,  Stan and Peter Klimas (

Last Update: 2010-12-16