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Delta-Delta Connection

Figure 6-21 shows three single-phase transformers, assumed to be identical, with their primaries connected in delta and their secondaries connected in delta. A common physical arrangement of the three transformers is shown in Fig. 6-21 (a); a schematic diagram typical for 3-phase delta circuits is shown in Fig. 6-21(b).

Figure 6-21. Delta-delta connection, (a) Common physical arrangement of three single-phase transformers; (b) schematic diagram.

The equivalent circuits of Figs. 6-11, 6-13, and 6-14 apply to each of the three transformers connected delta-delta with or without the ideal transformer. If the three transformers are identical and are operating under balanced 3-phase load and balanced 3-phase voltage conditions, each transformer carries one third of the 3-phase load.

It is evident from Fig. 6-21 that full line-to-line voltage exists across the windings of each transformer. Therefore, the secondary line-to-line voltages Vab, Vbc and Vca are practically in phase with the corresponding primary line-to-line voltages VAB, VBC and VCA. In addition, if the leakage impedance drops are neglected, the voltage ratios equal the turns ratio, i.e.


Figure 6-22 shows phasor diagrams for a bank of ideal transformers connected delta-delta and supplying a balanced unity power-factor load.

Figure 6-22. Phasor diagrams for delta-delta bank of ideal transformers supplying balanced noninductive load, (a) Primary; (b) secondary.

In the case of identical transformers, when the third harmonics in the exciting current are neglected, the line currents are times the currents flowing in the windings under balanced conditions. This can be seen by referring to Fig. 6-21 and the phasor diagram of Fig. 6-22(a) as follows


from which






If the exciting current is neglected, then we have


The delta-delta arrangement is restricted to applications in which neither the primary nor the secondary side requires a 3-phase neutral connection. It is generally used in moderate voltage systems because full line-to-line voltage exists across the windings, and in heavy current systems because the windings need to carry only 1/ or 0.58 of the line current.

Last Update: 2011-02-16