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|Table of Contents Statistical Tests Comparing Variances One Sample Chi-Square-Test|
|See also: two sample F-Test, Chi-Square Distribution, survey on statistical tests|
Certain problems require not only that the mean conforms to some restrictions, but also that the variance is within certain limits, i.e. not larger than a given value. So we have to compare the estimated sample variance with the hypothetical variance s2. When the samples are normally distributed, the ratio .(n-1) / s2 follows a -distribution (pronounced: chi-square).
The upper tails of the distribution have been tabulated (or you may
use the distribution calculator). (a)
depicts the area of a% in the upper tail of
= a . The shape of the -distribution
depends on the degrees of freedom n-1.
Last Update: 2005-Jul-16