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Volume Between Two Surfaces

Our first application is to the volume between two surfaces.



f(x, y) ≤ g(x, y)

for (x, y) in D and let E be the set of all points in space such that

(x, y) is in D, f(x, y) ≤ z ≤ g(x, y).

The volume of E is


V is called the volume over D between the surfaces z = f(x, y) and z = g(x, y) (Figure 12.3.4).


Figure 12.3.4: Volume between two surfaces


The part ΔE of the solid E over an element of area ΔD is a rectangular solid with base ΔA and height g(x, y) - f(x, y), except that the top and bottom surfaces are curved (Figure 12.3.5). Therefore the volume of ΔE is

ΔV ≈ (g(x, y) - f(x, y)) ΔA (compared to ΔA).

By the Infinite Sum Theorem,



Figure 12.3.5

Example 1
Example 2
Example 3

Last Update: 2010-11-25